The circular economy can play an important part in building resilience to future crises, to survive shocks and live through disruptions such as a pandemic, water scarcity, or other climate change related crisis. However, before we dive into building resilience while transitioning to circularity, we will dive deeper into the concepts of circularity and the circular economy.
The birth of circularity
Concepts linked to circularity, such as closed-loop systems, waste management, industrial ecology and product recovery management, started to arise in the academic world in the 1990’s.
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